Located Ulyanovsk region in the Middle Volga region, covers an area of 37,2 thousand km2. Its dimensions are 250x290 km. The region includes 6 cities: Ulyanovsk, Dimitrovgrad, Novoulyanovsk, Inza, Barysh, Sengiley, as well as urban and rural settlements. In the Volga region are closely intertwined many nationalities, here and in the Ulyanovsk region one family live Russian and Tatars, Chuvash, Mordva and others. By religion in the region, Christians and Muslims predominate, but there are also Lutherans with Buddhists.
The oldest settlement of the Ulyanovsk region is the village of Staraya Maina. On its territory was discovered a site of ancient settlement, proving the existence here since the III century of the Imenkov tribes, and then the Volga Bulgars. In the XIII century, the Volga region was captured by the Golden Horde, from the 15th century the lands passed to the Kazan Khanate. In 1647-1654 years, to protect Russian borders from attacks, construction of a zase line between the fortresses Karsun and Simbirsk began. Supervised by the works of the captain of the Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich Bogdan Khitrovo. It is he who is considered the founder of the city of Simbirsk (formerly Sinbirsk), renamed 1924 in Ulyanovsk in honor of Vladimir Lenin.
Several rivers flow through the territory of the Ulyanovsk region, including the large ones - the Volga and Sviyaga. The Volga divides the region and the regional center of Ulyanovsk into two parts - the western right bank and the eastern left bank. The right bank of the Volga belongs to the Volga Upland: the Undory, the Kremen and Sengileevsky mountains descend to the river. The left bank of the Volga lies on the plain, and one of the neighborhoods adjacent to the river, the Lower Terrace, is several meters below the water level. This is the only case in Russia when the level of the river exceeds the level of the adjacent inhabited locality. To avoid flooding along the neighborhood built a fortified concrete dam.
The Ulyanovsk region was glorified by talented people who were born or lived here: the writer and historian N.M. Karamzin, the writers IA. Goncharov and S.T. Aksakov, the poets NM. Languages and D.N. Sadovnikov, TV presenter V.M. Leontief, artist Nikas Safronov.
Recalling the Ulyanovsk region, they often recall the following opposites. On this earth around the same time, two people were born who played an important role in the history of Russia in the twentieth century: V.I. Lenin is the leader of the October Revolution and A.F. Kerensky is the head of the Provisional Government. Their confrontation is compared with the unique natural feature of the region: the Volga and Sviyaga rivers, flowing parallel at a distance of about 4 km from each other, have different directions.
To connect the banks of the Volga, that is, two parts of Ulyanovsk, two bridges were built across the river at different times:
- Imperial, opened in 1916 as a railway bridge. In 1950-x supports were built up and a motor traffic was opened along the bridge. The length of the bridge is 2089 m.
- Presidential, opened at the end of 2009 as an automobile bridge to unload the old bridge and eliminate the permanent "traffic jams" at the entrances to it. The length of the bridge is 5825 m.
- Bridges provide communication between two parts of the city and the region. At the time of construction, both bridges were the longest in the country. They are connected with tragic stories. In 1983, the ship "Alexander Suvorov", through the fault of the navigator, crashed into the low, non-navigable span of the old bridge. In the accident, 176 people were killed. In November 2009, an ammunition depot "31 Arsenal" exploded in the Zavolzhsky district of Ulyanovsk and the old bridge closest to the site of the explosion was temporarily closed. And since it was at that time the only link in the two parts of the city, the authorities decided and opened a new bridge for the day that was not commissioned. In the explosion in the warehouse and the subsequent disposal of unexploded ordnance, according to official data, 9 military personnel were killed.
All Soviet time in Ulyanovsk and the region from all communist countries hundreds of thousands of tourists came every year to get acquainted with the city that gave life to the Leader of the proletariat. Nowadays, interest in Lenin has died down, but health tourism is gaining momentum. There are unique places in the region where they go to be treated: to Undory - to mineral springs, to Nikolaevsky District - to the White Lake of glacial origin.