The Republic of Adygea
The Republic of Adygea is located in the Southern Federal District and is surrounded on all sides by the territories of the Krasnodar Territory. The capital of Adygea was Maykop, and the Republic itself was formed 27 July 1922. Initially, it represented the Adyghe (Cherkessia) Autonomous Region, located on the territory of both Ekaterinodar and Maykop divisions belonging to the Kuban-Black Sea region. But after 6 years in August 1928g was named Adygei Autonomous Region. July 1991 r is significant for its transformation into the Adyghe Republic.
The territory covers both the plain and the foothills and the mountains of the Greater Caucasus. Among the main rivers flowing through the territory of Adygea are Kuban, Laba, and also Belaya. The average annual temperature in January is about -2, and in July not more than + 28. Moderately warm climate promotes the growth of numerous valuable species of wood. It should be noted that forests occupy an order of 38-40% of the territory of the Republic.
The population is diverse and includes representatives of such nationalities as:
· 70% Russian.
· 21% Circassians and Circassians.
· 1,6% Armenians.
· 3% of Ukrainians.
The customs of the Adygs
Among the most famous customs, which the ancestors of modern Adygs were famous for, it should be noted:
· Education of sons. The boy was near his mother until 6-years of age. And after that he went for further education to his father. It was there that he received the skill of handling weapons, learned to ride, and so on.
Honoring the elders. None of the Circassians sit at the table with the guests of their elder brother or father. Also, in the presence of the father, it was considered unacceptable to sit down, eat or smoke.
· Monogamy. Islam, which the Circassians profess, permits polygamy. But such cases are extremely rare among this people.
· Dancing. Strict mores and customs of the Circassians do not exclude holidays. Young boys and girls could dance inside the circle formed by the same young people. Each time there was only one pair inside, followed closely by the others. Adult men fired into the air, expressing their approval and joy for the lucky ones, who found their happiness in the dance.
· Women. Young girls could attend festivals and communicate with their peers. Of course, under the supervision of the older generation. But after the wedding, the woman had to stay inside the house, doing housework and children.
· Practices related to newborns. For women, the mandatory condition was wearing a cap, trimmed with fur. The bride wore it after the wedding and wore until the appearance of the first-born. Only the uncle could remove this hat from her husband's side. And provided that he gave the newborn generous gifts, among which were money and livestock. After a hat was removed from the newly minted mother, she covered her head with a handkerchief made of silk.
Many interesting customs came from the depths of centuries. Some of them are forgotten, but many still adhere to the old set of rules that determine the mentality and consciousness of the Circassians.