Transbaikalia as an independent region was formed in 2008 year, is a component of the Siberian district. On the map, he is in the southeast of Siberia. This edge is located on an area in the size of 431 892 km², from the total area of Russia it occupies 2,52%.
The administrative center is the city of Chita.
The population is 1 028 012 people of different nationalities (more than 120), most people are Russians (89,9%), then Buryats, Ukrainians and others inhabit this region.
Features of relief and climate
In this region, rocks predominate over the plains. There are close 65 mountain ranges and depressions near 50. A peculiar feature of the mountain ranges is their location from the south-west to the northeast. On the territory of Transbaikalia is the peak of BAM - this is the highest point, and in the valley of the Amur River - the lowest point of this region.
The climate is characterized by a sharp continentality. Winter is long and severe, summer is short and warm. During the year, precipitation falls from 300 - 600mm, most often in the summer.
A climatic feature of this region is the long northern lights. From 1873 to 2592 hours the northern lights shine in a year.
The Trans-Baikal region has a large number of rivers and streams, their total length is more than 25km.
The animal and plant world collected a number of different fauna. The Trans-Baikal Territory became the home of the inhabitants of such natural areas as: steppe, forest-steppe, forests of various types. Some of the species of animals are listed in the Red Book. Mainly there live mammals (80 species), birds of different species (330), amphibians and adjacent (5 species each).
A large number of different plant species is justified by a complex geological relief. In total, there are 800 plant species.
On the territory of the region, because of the huge variety of animals and plants, 2 Nature Reserve, 18 Reserves, National Park were opened.
Copper is the largest natural resource of the Trans-Baikal Territory. There are also large reserves of molybdenum, gold, iron ore, coal. Forest resources (forest area 31,3mln hectare) constitute a significant stock of timber for the Transbaikalian industry. Valuable resources are also chernozems and chestnut lands.
Culture and cultural development
In the Trans-Baikal Territory, in total, there are: 184 archeological monument, 44 - history, 550 - architecture. There are 197 cinema installations, of which 16 cinemas.
In Transbaikalia, livestock farming is extensive, it prevails over farming. Traditionally, Trans-Baikal residents breed chickens, sheep, horses. They keep pasture all year round.
The main industries are considered to be energy and machine building.