Tomsk region: basic information, geography, sights and population
Tomsk Region is a taiga region located in the southeast of one of the largest lowlands of the planet - the West Siberian Plain. This subject of the Russian Federation was formed in 1944 year (13.08) by the Decree of the Presidium. It is part of the Siberian Federal District. The administrative center is Tomsk.
The region borders on:
· In the north: with the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug;
· In the south: with the Novosibirsk and Kemerovo regions;
· In the west: with the Omsk and Tyumen regions;
· In the east: with the Krasnoyarsk Territory.
From north to south, the area extends to 600, and from west to east - about 800 km. To the capital, the distance (if you draw a straight line) will be equal to 2877 km, and to Vladivostok - 3595.
In terms of area, the region occupies 16 place among all other subjects of the country (it is 314391 sq. Km). By and large the region is difficult to access, as 63% of the total area is occupied by taiga, and almost 29% - marshes. By the way, one of the largest marshes in the world - Vasyuganskoe - is located exactly on the territory of this subject.
The highest point - 274,2 m above sea level - is located near the village of Suetilovka, lying at 40 kilometers from the administrative center.
And the lowest is 34 meters above sea level and is somewhere on the bottom of the Ob River.
The climate in the region is continental.
The time zone relative to Moscow has a bias of 4 hours (plus).
Rivers and lakes area
In the region there are more than 18 thousand different watercourses, the total length of which is approximately 95 thousand km. Of these, 1620 rivers are longer than 10 kilometers in length.
The main river here is the Ob. It flows from the southeast of the region to the northwest and divides it into 2 parts almost equivalent to each other. Within the boundaries of the subject, its length is more than 1 thousand kilometers.
The Ob has within the region such tributaries:
· Parabel and others.
The largest lake in the region is Mirny. It is located in the Parabelsky district, its area is more than 18 square. Km.
Monuments of nature and attractions of the region
1. Anikin is a stone. This is a cliff on Tom, and, more precisely, on its right bank, an area of 11 and a half hectares.
2. Dizyvenny key, is located three kilometers from the village. Vershinino. It is the key that breaks through the crevice in the hill, which transforms into a 1.5-meter waterfall. And then he 40-meter cascade falls down to the foot of the ancient terrace.
3. Lake Kirek. Beautiful water body in 50 km from Tomsk. According to legend, here during the revolution, diamonds were drowned. So it or not, for certain it is not known, but porcelain cups with royal eagles from the bottom took out more than once.
4. A blue cliff. It is located not far from the village. Kolarovo. It is a cliff to the Tom River three kilometers high.
5. Talovsky bowls. This natural attraction is in the source of the Birch River, to which it is necessary to get 40 km to the south-east from the administrative center. The monument is also called the Grail, and for this there are real grounds. Modern researchers suggest that the Holy Grail was hidden in Siberia, and the Talovsky bowls are its prototype. They are calcareous depressions filled with water.
6. Vasyugan swamps. Here the scale is already reaching the world level. This is the largest marsh complex of the planet!
This is not all the notable objects. You can also highlight:
· St. Nicholas Monastery;
· Blue Lake and many, many others.
In addition, special attention deserves and man-made attractions. For example, from more than 700 samples of wooden architecture in Tomsk, 109 are federal and regional monuments.
There are six cities in total. It:
The youngest of them is the city of Kedrovy, formed in 1987 year. The oldest is the city of Tomsk, the year of its foundation 1604.
Population of Tomsk region
At 2016 year the population of the region is 1 076 762 person. More than 70% of them are urban residents (and in the subject of 6 cities). The density is equal to only 3,4 people / sq. Km.
In general, the lands of the region are of great interest to ethnographers. After all, indigenous peoples of the area are:
· Chum salmon;
· Tomsk Tatars;
· Evenki and others.
And now, when more than 400 years have passed since the foundation of the Tomsk fortress, the population of the subject has the richest national and religious composition.