The Republic of Sakha (Yakutia)
The Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) occupies 1 / 5 part of the whole territory of Russia and is considered the largest administrative-territorial unit of the world.
In the area of 3103,2 thousand square meters. Km live 1023 thousand people of different nationalities (more than 120), 63% of the population live in cities. This is the smallest inhabited part of the country. The indigenous population is Sakha.
The capital is Yakutsk. The territory of the Republic is divided into 33 district and 11 cities.
Climatic and natural features
Since 40% of the territory of Yakutia is beyond the Arctic Circle, the temperature in winter can drop to -70С, and in summer to rise to + 40С. Winter is much longer than summer and starts from October, ending in April.
Territorial Sakha is the main part in the taiga zone, heading north, the zone is replaced by forest-tundra, and then to the tundra. Forests make up 4 / 5 parts from the whole Saha area. The republic borders on Laptev and the East Siberian seas.
The nature of Yakutia is famous for its amazing diversity of flora and fauna. There is a huge number of rivers (more than 700) and lakes (more than 800tys). Although the lake and shallow, they do not dry out. Children are fishing, without leaving behind the backyards of their own yard. A large number of rare breeds of animals, birds and fish inhabit this part of the country.
The industry of Yakutia is multilaterally developed.
Yakutsk can be called a raw material base. Here there are simply inexhaustible stocks of raw materials of different origin, over 1500 fields. He is the leader of the country, providing it with raw materials
Since 1950, diamondiferous deposits have been found, in those places and opened the diamond industry, which has been operating until today. It is the largest diamond mining industry in Russia.
In addition to diamonds, non-ferrous metals are also mined (gold, tin, iron ore, etc.). Widely developed coal, gas, woodworking industry, shipbuilding, light and food industries.
Since the climate of this republic is sometimes very severe and most of the year is dominated by winter, the authorities invest the entire development of theaters and museums.
In Yakutia there is a museum of Mammoth, which every visitor is obliged to visit. The natural park "Lena Pillars" located on the banks of the Lena River, many tourists come to see the miraculous nature. The Republic boasts 87 museums, 538 libraries, 13 theater establishments, 7 cinemas.