The Republic of Karelia
The Republic of Karelia is located in the extreme north-west of the Russian Federation. It borders on Finland, as well as in Murmansk, Arkhangelsk and other regions. Karelia is one of the subjects of the Russian Federation and, as an equal participant, is part of the North-Western Federal District.
Geography and climateThe area of Karelia is relatively small - 180 520 Km². The terrain in most cases is flat. Also, there are often various hills, Oases, Moraine ridges. In the west of the republic there is the West Karelian Upland.
Karelia has access to the White Sea. The length of the coastline on the north-eastern side is 630 km. Among the major reservoirs it is worth mentioning Onega and Ladoga lakes, as well as numerous rivers.
The climatic conditions on the territory of the Republic of Karelia can be called soft. Here there are several climatic zones: from sea to moderately continental. A distinctive feature is a large amount of precipitation both in summer and in winter.
Administrative structure, population
The structure of Karelia includes 127 administrative municipal units: districts, districts, urban and rural settlements. There are also thirteen major cities on the territory of the republic. One of the largest is Petrozavodsk, which serves as the republican capital.
According to the latest data, almost 630 thousand people live in Karelia. Practically 80% of the above figures are residents of big and small cities. Unfortunately, for today in Karelia, as well as in many other regions of Russia, there is a demographic crisis, when the mortality rate significantly exceeds the birth rate. As for the ethnic composition of the population, the Russians and Karelians predominate here. There are also many Belarusians, Finns, Ukrainians.
Since ancient times Karelia has been popular as a tourist area. In particular, so-called green tourism has a great demand here. Guests of the republic are offered mountain hikes, rafting on rivers, horseback riding, fishing, picking mushrooms and berries in the forest, and much more. Also there is an opportunity to relax and improve in one of the sanatoria located in the village Marcial water.
The main Karelian sights are also the mountain park "Ruskeala»With the famous Ruskeal Waterfalls, Kizhi museum-reserve, Vladimirsky monastery, Kivach waterfall.