The Republic of Buryatia
The Republic of Buryatia is part of the Siberian Federal District. It is located on the territory of Siberia. The total area of the republic is 351, 3 thousand Buryatia borders on Mongolia, as well as with Tyva, Trans-Baikal Territory, Irkutsk region. The date of the founding of the republic is May 1923
Nature of Buryatia
For the relief of the territory of Buryatia, an elevation above sea level is characteristic. Most of the surface is occupied by mountains, which are replaced by deep gorges. The highest point is Mount Munku-Sardyk, which refers to the Upper Sayan Mountains.
Approximately 60% of the shoreline of Lake Baikal fall on the territory of Buryatia. A distinctive feature of the Republic of Buryatia is a large number of rivers and lakes. The rivers are mostly small and belong to the basins of Lake Baikal, the rivers Angara and Lena.
The nature of Buryatia is rich in various types of natural resources. The local forests, which cover most of the territory, give a huge amount of wood. In numerous mines, coal, tungsten, molybdenum, and gold are mined.
Buryatia enters a zone of sharply continental climate. That is why there are pronounced warm and cold seasons. Buryat winter is very frosty, but with low humidity. Summer, though short-lived, but hot and with frequent rains. In the local parts, the most pleasant time of the year is autumn. It is often quite warm and long lasting.
Population, administrative organization
In Buryatia there are about 980 thousand people. The ethnic composition of the population is dominated by Russians and Buryats. The remaining ethnic groups (Tatars, Ukrainians, Belarusians) are represented in a very small percentage ratio.
The structure of Buryatia includes 6 major cities. One of them, Ulan-Ude, is the capital of the republic. Also, the administrative division of the territory includes 26 separate districts.
Buryatia is known primarily due to its natural attractions. Here you can perfectly relax and get closer to nature by visiting the national park "Tunkinsky, Ushkany Islands on Lake Baikal, or Ayaya Bay. For those who wish to improve their health, it is recommended to use the services of the Arshan resort, or relax on the shore of the Warm Lakes.
Buryatia is also rich in its cultural heritage. Tourists wishing to get acquainted with its traditions, aspire to the Old Believers' village of Tarbagatai, or to the Ivolginsky datsan "Khambyn Sume". Here you can see ancient rituals, learn about the history of the region, admire the national costumes.