The Republic of Karachay-Cherkessia
Karachay-Cherkessia with its capital - the city of Cherkessk - occupies the foothills of the north-western part of the Caucasus. It has borders with the Kabardino-Balkarian republic, with Stavropol and the Krasnodar region, as well as with Abkhazia and Georgia. Karachay-Cherkessia occupies three zones: mountain, foothills and foothills, while about 80% of the republic is in the mountains. It has a mildly warm climate with a short winter and a long, warm, humid summer.
The Republic has extensive water resources:
· Kuban Reservoir;
· The rivers are more than 170, the largest of which are Urup, Kuban, Laba, Maly and Bolshoe Zelenchuk;
· High-mountainous lakes - about 130;
· Mountain waterfalls - in large numbers.
Karachay-Cherkessia also supplies water and the Stavropol Region with the help of the constructed system of the Great Stavropol Canal. The underground riches of the republic are: marble, coal, clay, granite, various ores. Mountain steppes and broad-leaved forests provide their habitat for a large number of diverse representatives of fauna and flora. On the territory of Karachaevo-Cherkessia are located the Teberda Reserve and a fragment of the Caucasian Reserve. Some representatives of the animal world are listed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation: the Caucasian otter, the white-headed sip, the forest cat, the Caucasian grouse and the European mink.
Population and originality of the province
The majority of the population of the republic are Karachais, followed by Russians, Circassians, Abazins - more than 80 nationalities. After Cherkessk, the largest cities are Karachaevsk, Zelenchukskaya, Ust-Dzheguta and Uchkeken. Karachay-Cherkessia is an agrarian-industrial region with a division into the southern and northern parts. In the south, the population is engaged in woodworking and mining and livestock production, in the north - in chemical production, light industry and machine building.
The region attracts tourists with mountain resorts, including Arkhyz, Dombai, Teberda and others, where people come for impressions of mountaineering and tourism. The original nature of the KCR is alpine meadows covered with carpets of various herbs, relict forests - remnants of primeval vegetation, breathtaking cliffs, gorges and waterfalls. The quaint forms of natural landscapes are also matched by their names: the Black Mill waterfall, the old woman's tooth, the Lunar gorge, the Southern Elephant cave and others.