Moscow is the capital of the Russian Federation, a city of federal significance, its population in 2012 exceeded 11 600 000 people and it is in the top ten among the world's cities in terms of population.
The location of Moscow is the center of the East European Plain, on the banks of the Moscow River. Many objects, such as the Novodevichy Convent, the Kremlin, the Church of the Ascension in Kolomenskoye, are included in the list of cultural heritage of UNESCO.
The city has a large number of rivers, tributaries of the Moscow River, some of them are harvested in collectors, there are also ponds and lakes. The climate is moderately continental, with pronounced seasonality.
In Moscow there are parks and forest parks, these are Izmailovsky, Filevsky, Bitsevsky, part of Losiny Island. On the territory of forest-park zones there is a large number of different animals, not only squirrels who take food from their hands, but also foxes, mink, ermines, hares, caresses, choruses. In the Bitsev forest there is a very rare animal, the hazel grouse. Birds, ducks, pheasants, and gray partridges nest.
In Moscow, the tsarist government was concentrated, later Peter I The capital was moved to St. Petersburg, but with the coming to power of the Bolshevik city returned to the status in connection with the move of the government.
During the Soviet period, many historical, cultural, religious buildings were destroyed, including the Cathedral of Christ the Savior. During the Second World War in winter 1941-1942gg. A battle took place near Moscow, as a result of which the Wehrmacht troops were thrown back from the city. 7 November 1941 on Red Square hosted a military parade, and 24 June 1945, Moscow hosted the Victory Parade.
In 1957, the International Festival of Youth and Students was held in the capital, and in 1980 XXII Olympic Games.
In the post-Soviet era 19-21 August, the State Emergency Committee organized the August putsch, largely thanks to him the USSR fell apart. In 1993, a political crisis was ripe, which resulted in street riots and the imposition of a curfew, then the White House was shot.
To date, the capital has a large number of migrants, people from Central Asia and the Caucasus republics, the number of migrants from other regions of the Russian Federation is growing. The national composition in Moscow is dominated by Russians, in second place - by Ukrainians, on the third - by Tatars.
In Moscow, the business and financial centers are concentrated, the government of the country is here, most of the large companies are registered in the capital. Here is the Russian Academy of Sciences and the most prestigious universities in the country.