The Republic of Komi
The Republic of Komi is one of the largest subjects of the Russian Federation. It is located in the far north of the federation and is part of the North-West District. The date of the founding of the republic is 1921, when the Komi was proclaimed a separate autonomous region.
The total area of the Republic of Komi is 416 774 Km². Thanks to a large territory, there is a diverse relief: from the mountain peaks of the Urals to the Mezensko-Vychegda and Pechora lowlands. In Komi there are many rivers, most of which are flat. Among the largest water bodies of this type are Pechora, Mezen, Vychegda, Usu rivers.
Also on the territory of Komi there are many highland and lowland lakes. Almost 8% of the territory is occupied by swamps, which are separate unique ecosystems. An amazing phenomenon here is the forests that cover the Northern Urals. It is here that the famous Pechora-Ilychsky Biosphere Reserve is located. He and several other similar objects, united by the name "Virgin Komi Forests", are included in the UNESCO heritage list.
Features of climate
The proximity of the Arctic Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean in combination with the Ural mountains form a rather heterogeneous climatic conditions in the Komi territory. There is traditionally a very cold and snowy winter and a short summer. Often there are strong winds, heavy rainfall.
The population of the republic, its administrative structure
According to the latest data, about 856 000 people live in the republic. Due to the natural conditions and severe climate in Komi, a rather low population density. The overwhelming majority of residents is the Komi. Also here live Russians, Ukrainians, Tatars, Belarusians.
The capital of the Komi is the city of Syktyvkar. The administrative structure of the republic includes 12 districts and 8 republican cities.
The Republic of Komi is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Russia. And even the harsh weather does not stop travelers who want to see the local nature. Numerous tourist companies offer to spend time in the woods, carry out rafting on one of the largest rivers, to fish in natural reservoirs. One of the most popular tourist places in Komi is the so-called "Urals Stonehenge". This term is called Stone Pillars of weathering, which are on the slope of Mount Manpupuner. They are a unique object, over the mystery of which so far many scientists are fighting.