Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area (Yugra)
The Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area (Yugra) is located in the middle part of the Russian Federation in the center of the West Siberian Plain and has an administrative center in the city of Khanty-Mansiysk. The Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug is surrounded by the Yamal-Nenets Autonomous District, the Krasnoyarsk Territory, the Komi Republic and the Sverdlovsk, Tyumen and Tomsk Regions. The largest cities in Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District are Surgut and Nizhnevartovsk with Nefteyugansk. Two districts of the district are referred to the Far North (Berezovsky and Beloyarsky), the rest are equivalent to them. The main rivers of the region are the Ob and the Irtysh, as well as their tributaries.
Ugra gives about 60% of all Russian oil. A self-sufficient donor region has the second largest position in the Russian Federation in terms of economic size (on the first - in Moscow). On the territory of KhMAO, oil and gas fields have been developed, and gold placers and veined quartz have been found and extracted. The following fossils were discovered:
· Coal (stone and brown);
· Iron ores;
· Niobium and others.
From the west, the territory is protected by the Ural mountains, and from the north along the flat marshy surface free ice Arctic air penetrates, which forms a moderately continental climate.
The uniqueness of the region
Ugra is located in the natural zone of the taiga forests, while in the north the composition of the vegetation is determined by permafrost. The fauna is represented by taiga fauna: mammals (including game species - ermine, fox, sable, reindeer, hare and others), birds (Charadriiformes, passeriformes and hunting ducks, capercaillies, hazel grouses, goose, and predators - eared An owl, a goshawk-goshawk). In the reservoirs of the region, fish live, including ruff, ruff, sterlet and 16 species. Sturgeon is placed in the Red Book of the Russian Federation. In the Khanty-Mansiysk Okrug there are two protected areas, several reserves, natural parks and natural monuments.
The overwhelming majority of the population is represented by Russian nationality, followed by Tatars with Ukrainians, and the ethnic groups that gave the name Khanty and Mansi - together account for about 2% of the total number of inhabitants of the region. The district has a very high urban proportion of the population - above 90%. Rapid growth and development of cities built with new and actively developed oil fields, and in old places of mining, there is a slow growth of urban settlements and even their stagnation.