Coat of arms of the Russian Federation

Kaliningrad region

Coat of arms of the Kaliningrad region

The Kaliningrad region is one of the subjects of the Russian Federation, the westernmost region of the state, is a territorial exclave of Russia (a territory that does not share a common land border with the main part of the country) located in Central Europe. The region is washed by the Baltic Sea. In the region there are 976 thousand people, most of whom are residents of the administrative center of the region - Kaliningrad.

The area in the region is mostly flat, with small inclusions of lowlands and highlands in parts of the region. On the territory of the Kaliningrad region there are a large number of polders - land plots under threat of flooding and in connection with this separated by dams.

The region is often referred to as the Amber Territory due to the fact that it is on its territory that more than 90% of the world's mineral reserve is concentrated. Not surprisingly, amber is one of the symbols of the region and the city itself - mention of it is often found in the names of enterprises and products of local producers. In the region there are other minerals (oil, peat, rock salt, etc.), but their production volumes are small and are directed mainly at local consumption.

The demographic structure of the region has a long and interesting history. Up to 1945, the main part of the population then was Koenigsberg, Germans. Already during the war, large-scale migration processes began in the province - the Germans actively emigrated to the west, and most of the remaining ones were forcibly deported after the end of hostilities. Thus, by the time of 1946, the region was practically depopulated, and the region began to be re-populated. The new inhabitants were Russians, Ukrainians and Byelorussians, who were resettled here from neighboring regions. Today they make up the vast majority (94%) of the region's population.

Because of its location after the war, the Kaliningrad region became one of the most militarized territories of the USSR. In addition to land military formations, the bulk of the Baltic Fleet and its headquarters were based here.

The basis of the region's economy is tourism. The greatest interest for the guests of the region is represented by small ancient cities, which in the past were an important part of European history and preserved the historical architecture and monuments of that time. For example, in Sovetsk, formerly known as Tilsit, in 1807 the famous Peace Treaty of Tilsit was signed between Alexander I and Napoleon. In addition, the region has developed water tourism, which is based on boat trips on yachts, boats and kayaks.

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