The Altai Territory is a unique place, it is the focus of natural beauties, historical relics, mystical legends and tourist routes. About Altaic honey, clean air, ribbon burs and salty lakes did not hear except that lazy.
The geographical position of this subject of the Russian Federation is the southeastern part of the West Siberian Plain. The capital of the region is the city of Barnaul, which this year celebrated its 286 anniversary. The entity is part of the Siberian Federal District, and includes 11 cities and 30 district centers.
The region borders on the Novosibirsk and Kemerovo regions, the Republics of Altai and Kazakhstan. Natural zoning is a steppe zone, plains, plateaus and foothills. The plain extends over most of the territory of the region and causes a pronounced continental climate, for which the cold, long and snowy winter season and a short, sometimes hot summer, are typical.
The main river artery is the Ob river, stretching for 493 km within the edge, its waters are the confluence of the large Katun and Biya rivers. In addition to the Ob and its tributaries, the region is rich in lakes, among which not only fresh, but also salty, and even alkaline. The largest are the Kulundinskoye, Yarovoye, Beloe, Malinovoe. In addition, the Altai region is famous for its numerous mineral and radon springs, a large number of them are concentrated in the area of the balneological resort of Belokurikha.
The main wealth of the region is the land. The population, which has about 2,5 million inhabitants according to the census 2010 year, mostly works in the agrarian sphere. Land resources include arable land, perennial plantations, hayfields and pastures. Annually Altai Krai is included in the rating of the most productive regions for the cultivation of wheat and other cereals.
The animal and plant world of the region is diverse. So, on its territory endemic and relic species of plants grow. Approved at the state level reserves, nature monuments, including geological, aquatic and botanical.
The population of the Altai Territory is a collection of more than one hundred nationalities, including Russians, Germans, Ukrainians and others. This factor can not be unrelated to the existence of many religious communities: Orthodox, Catholic, Lutheran, Muslim, Jewish, Buddhist.
In industry, the leading branches are machine building, metallurgy, light and food industries. More than two thousand enterprises operate, both medium and large. According to statistical data, the most promising economic branch at the moment is the tourist one.
Among the places of interest that are popular among visitors are the resort of Belokurikha, the recreation zone "Turquoise Katun"; Salty and fresh lakes in Zavyalovsky, Slavgorod, Zmeinogorsky, Charyshsky districts and highland - Aya, located on the border with the Republic of Altai; Foothills - in the Altai, Zavyalovsky, Kuryinsky areas. Annually in the big cities of Barnaul and Biysk, as well as in the village of Srostki, Shukshin readings are held, dedicated to the famous writer, actor and director, who was born here.