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Smolensk




Smolensk

One of the glorious cities-heroes of Russia, Smolensk, is shrouded in history from ancient times to the present century. Located on the hills along the banks of the Dnieper, it is the center of the homonymous region, and protects the western border of the homeland. Many times it was destroyed and restored again. The lands of Smolensk remember Byzantine times, the defeat of Napoleon, the trampling of fascist boots and many other significant historical events.

From a wide, deep Dnieper, the trade of Russia with its western neighbors has existed since ancient times. In the settlement on the way, the merchants stopped to refresh the boats, to grind them before the next road. By this time, many relate the emergence of the name of the city. Glorified famous personalities: the composer M. Glinka, the writers P. Nevezhin, M. Muraviev. In 30-e years of the XVIII century. The governor of the city was N.I. Khmelnitsky, a descendant of the legendary Boris Khmelnitsky. On one of the high banks of the Dnieper, from many ancient churches and temples, completely destroyed, the Uspensky Cathedral was restored. This is one of the two main city attractions. Visitors to the 30-meter high iconostasis of the temple come from all over the world. Its five tiers are decorated with sculptures made of wood, gold carvings. They store in the cathedral walls the sandals of Mercury, a holy warrior of the thirteenth century. Sewn with gold threads in the 16th century, a unique shroud given to the Smolensk Uspensky Cathedral in 1812 for the courage of Princess Euphrosyne Staritskaya. Immediately, the image of the icon "Hodegetria" of the 17th century, which protects from invasions, is kept. Half-ruined fortified six-kilometer wall, preserved half, and its 18 of 38 defensive towers, this is the second large object for Smolensk. The people are proud of it and show it to their guests with pleasure. The age of the stone fortress, which once surrounded the old city, is more than four centuries old. The wall thickness is about 6 meters. Through the streets of the provincial ancient city, you can just walk alone, with a loved one, even with very young children- Blouses for newborns Make these walks comfortable for both the child and the parents. In these, everyone will touch the past events and get aesthetic pleasure.


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