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Lake Khanka




Lake Khanka
Area: 4070 km2
The greatest depth: 11 m

Lake Khanka is a lake on the border of Primorye Territory of Russia and Heilongjiang Province of China. Khanka is the largest freshwater reservoir in the Far East. Area 4070 km2 (At an average water level), the length of 95 km, the depths 1-3 m, the largest - 10,6 m. 16 rivers flow into the lake, in particular, Ilisty, Melgunovka, Komissarovka; Follows the river Sungacha, the inflow of Ussuri (basin Cupid). Lake Khanka and the surrounding area are unique in their biological diversity. Here are common meadow plant communities, grassy marshes, oak forests and woodlands with the participation of pine grave. The lake is inhabited by a large number of freshwater fish and other hydrobionts. The presence of a large freshwater reservoir caused the concentration of a huge number of waterfowl and waterbirds. From the specially protected natural areas here is located Khankai Reserve.

Lake Khanka
general description

Lake Khanka, the largest lake in Primorsky Krai, is located in the center of the Khankan lowland on the border with the People's Republic of China in Heilongjiang Province.

Lake Khanka

The northern part of the lake belongs to the territory of China. The shape of the lake is pear-shaped with expansion in its northern part. The surface area of ​​the water is unstable, it varies depending on climatic conditions. At the maximum reaches 5010 km2, At the minimum - 3940 km2. The length of the lake is about 90 km, the largest width is 67 km. In the Khanka lake flows 24 river, there is only one - Sungach, which connects it with Ussuri, and that in turn with the Amur. Lake Khanka is a shallow basin with an average depth of 4,5 m and a prevailing depth of 1-3 m, the greatest depth is 10,6 m. The water in the lake is turbid, which is explained by frequent winds and, as a result, strong stirring. On average, the runoff to the lake is 1,94 km3 For a year, from the lake about - 1,85 km3. It freezes in the second half of November, is opened in April. The animal and plant world of Lake Khanka is diverse. In 1971, in accordance with the Ramsar Convention, this territory is given the status of wetlands of international importance. And in 1990 in the basin of Lake Khanka the state nature reserve Khankaisky was organized. In April 1996, an agreement was signed between the Governments of the Russian Federation and the People's Republic of China on the establishment of an international Russian-Chinese reserve "Lake Khanka" on the basis of the Khankai Reserve in Russia and the Chinese Sinkai-Hu Reserve.

Lake Khanka

Wetlands of the basin of Lake Khanka are a unique natural complex. The lowland of the Prihankay and, in fact, the shores of the lake represent a fairly swampy terrain. Characteristic for Khanka so-called melt - plant communities, formed by various species of sedge and grass. They form a strong turf covering a water mirror for many tens of square kilometers. Here are represented meadows (from marshy to steppe), meadow forest, forest-steppe and steppe plant communities. In the lake itself there are many species of fish and aquatic invertebrates, many of which are endemic. In the lake there live 52 species of fish, among them such as carp, perch, silver carp, catfish, snakehead. On the banks of the nest and stop during the flight of a variety of birds.




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