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White Lake




White Lake
Area: 1284 km2
The greatest depth: 12 m

White Lake - a lake in the west of the Vologda region. Has an area of ​​water surface 1284 sq. M. Km., But due to the predominantly low shores, the area of ​​the lake and the coastline can fluctuate throughout the year. With 1964 is part of the Sheksna reservoir, which is part of the Volga-Baltic waterway. The white lake has a rounded shape. Length 43 km, width up to 32 km. Around the southwestern part of the lake there is a bypass Belozersky canal with a length of 67 km. The average depth is 5-7 m, there are separate pits up to 10-12 m. Near the shores the lake is very shallow; For half a kilometer, and sometimes a kilometer stretches the depth, not exceeding 1 m. After the shallows, the dump - the old shore begins. The banks are shallow and almost without bays and bays. Coastal aquatic vegetation is well developed. The soils are muddy or silt-sandy. There are no stony ridges. The lake usually freezes at the end of November, is opened in early May.

White Lake

The natural regime of the lake is distorted by the influence of the dam in the source of Sheksna. On the White Lake, the swing-surges of the water level are 0,45 m (the line reaches 0,35 m, and the overtaking is 0,1 m). Under the influence of the wind on the lake, waves of considerable height form up to 1,5 m. The white lake is shallow - the depths of the transit ship's passage do not exceed 5,5 m. On the south-west coast is the ancient Russian town of Belozersk, the district center of the Vologda region.

River

The largest tributaries are: Kovzha (navigable); Kema; Megra. The Sheksna River flows out.

White Lake
Fauna

The lake is known for its fish stocks, the most famous is Belozersky delicacy. Feeding productivity and oxygen regime are favorable for the life of many fish. Inhabitants of the lake: Pike perch, pike, bream, ruff, bluefish, scab, ruff, roach, perch, glue, burbot, asp, reddish, ruff, ide, crucian, tench, chub, borer, dace, gudgeon.). The most valuable fish in the White Lake is the pike perch. Belozersky pike perch practically does not leave the reservoir all year round. Its large clusters are found in the north-eastern part of the lake.




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